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Returning to work
Returning to work


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If you have been in hospital with COVID, it is important to get plenty of rest to allow your body to recover and prevent health problems in the future. After being unwell with COVID, going back to work can be difficult and it may be a long time before you feel ready. You may still have problems that affect your day-to-day life and your ability to work such as: Work is generally good for your health and wellbeing, even if you have a health condition, or still have problems after COVID. You should talk to your employer about how they can support your return to work. Early treatment of your symptoms and learning to manage your energy levels will make it easier to carry out daily activities at home and at work. This will help with your recovery and your return to work. You can see your GP for help with your symptoms.

What should I do if I am not well enough to work?

When you are discharged from hospital, the hospital doctor should give you a sickness certificate (called a ‘Med 3’ or ‘fit note’) to cover the time you have been in hospital plus some time afterwards. You can send this to your employer to confirm that you have been off sick or to claim certain social security benefits. If the fit note expires and you’re still not well enough to return to work, you will need to ask your GP to provide another one. A physiotherapist, podiatrist or occupational therapist can also provide fit notes, if your employer agrees. This is called an Allied Health Professional (AHP) Health and Work Report. Return to Top

When is the right time for me to go back to work?

This will depend on your health problems and what your job involves. Studies show that you do not need to wait until you are ‘100% fit’ to return to work because work itself helps you to recover. A good time to start thinking about returning to work could be when:
  • Your symptoms have stayed the same or improved slightly over a period of time
  • You can manage your symptoms
  • You can carry out everyday activities, such as showering and eating, without your symptoms getting worse
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What can I do if I am feeling ready to go back to work?

Firstly, being able to recognise what you can and cannot do is a good place to start. If you are starting to think about returning to work, you could try doing something you do at work at home instead for a short time, such as reading, using a computer or walking. This will allow you to:
  • Build strength and stamina
  • Learn how to manage your symptoms and energy

Talk to your line manager or the occupational health (OH) team at your workplace

Your manager might call you when you are out of hospital but still off sick to offer support and check if there is anything they can do to help. If you have been off sick with COVID and you are ready to go back to work, it is recommended that you meet with your manager or OH team at your workplace to create a Return-To-Work plan together. At this meeting, you will typically discuss: You could prepare for a meeting by thinking about:
  • What tasks you feel well enough to do?
  • What activities make your symptom worse?
  • What adjustments to your role or working environment might help you return to work?
You can explain your problems at the meeting and what adjustments you think might help you get back to work. Talking about health problems can be difficult, but this will help your employer create a Return-To-Work plan that is appropriate for you and that supports you.

A ‘phased’ return

If you have been in hospital, and unable to work for even a few weeks,, you might want to consider a ‘phased’ return. This means going back to work in steps so you can slowly build back up to what you used to do. This might include:
  • Working part-time or reduced hours at first
  • Doing different duties
  • Doing parts of your job that you can do

Possible adjustments to your work

You should also consider possible adjustments to your work. Adjustments are changes to your workplace or job that make it easier and safer for you to return to work and do your job. Examples of adjustments are:
  • A ramp to make entering a building easier
  • Equipment such as a special desk or chair
  • Extra support to do your job
  • Time off to attend health appointments
  • Shorter working days
  • Different start and finish times or shift patterns
  • Working from home
  • Altered patterns of working (for example, more frequent breaks)
  • Making any physical, mental, or cognitive tasks less demanding
  • Changes to workload (for example, fewer or less complex tasks)
When you first return to work, your manager should inform you of any important changes since you have been off. They should also carry out an updated workplace risk assessment with you to check that your health changes do not put you or your colleagues at risk. You may wish to take a union representative or someone you trust to meetings with your manager or OH. Return to Top

What should I do if my current ability cannot be accommodated by my work place?

If your current ability cannot be accommodated by your workplace, you should consider returning to work later on. Instead, you can use other activities or tasks as practice for going back to work. This might include:
  • Attending virtual or face-to-face appointments
  • Attending rehab classes or completing home exercises
  • Monitoring your symptoms (for example, completing an activity diary)
  • Applying for welfare benefits and seeking advice

How can I prepare for my return to work?

If you feel ready to return to work, you should start to think about the tasks you have at work and their demands. This will let you assess what you can and cannot currently manage.
  • Do you carry heavy loads?
  • Is it repetitive?
  • Do you need to work quickly?
  • Do you have set times to rest?
  • Are you managing multiple tasks at once?
You should gradually increase your day-to-day activities and note how long it took for you to complete an activity. This can help you to discuss an appropriate Return-To-Work plan with your manager. You will need to learn to assess your recovery. You can use a fatigue score to track your progress and to recognise any patterns. A reasonable recovery should:
  • Last no longer than a few hours
  • Allow you to continue with day-to-day tasks
  • Not lead to an increase in symptoms
During your preparation, you might still have some bad days and you might not always know why. During these days, it is okay for you to do less or to pause your preparation. It is important for you to focus on remaining well. Return to Top

What can I do if I am not feeling ready to go back to work?

Talk to your line manager or the OH team at your workplace

Speak to your manager and explain your symptoms and why you do not feel ready to go back to work. Some workplaces have an OH department. The OH team looks after health and wellbeing at work. They can advise on how your health may affect your work and any adjustments you might need to allow you to return to work without making your symptoms worse. Having an appointment with the OH team before you go back to work can be a useful step. They can support you to create a Return-To-Work plan that includes adjustments and your needs and can write to your manager, with your permission. If your employer does not have an OH department, you could ask them to find you an OH specialist from outside your workplace

Talk to a healthcare professional

Speak to your GP or another healthcare professional, explain your symptoms and why you do not feel ready to go back to work. You can find a local healthcare professional at Your employer might have an OH team, and you can talk to them about how you feel and if you are worried.

Get in touch with the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS)

ACAS is a national organisation that offers free advice about your health at work. Phone the free advice line 0300 123 1100.

Get in touch with Access to Work

Access to Work is a national programme that offers practical and financial support for you to get or stay in work. Phone the advice line 0800 121 7479.

Get a fit note

A fit note from your GP or hospital doctor can tell your employer that you need a period of sickness absence due to being unwell and to access Statutory Sick Pay. The fit note will explain activities you find difficult to do due to COVID and suggest adjustments that may help you return to work. Your employer is not obliged to act on these suggestions (as they may not be able to), but the fit note can be a useful starting point to discuss your return to work with your manager.

Other useful links:

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